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What Exactly Is Henna Hair Dye Made Of?

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what exactly henna hair dye made up of

What Exactly Is Henna Hair Dye Made Of?

Henna, also known as mehendi in Urdu-Hindi, and hinah in Hebrew, is a dye prepared from the plant Lowsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree and the Egyptian privet. Henna has always been a most popular beauty products from centuries around the world, it has been taking care of our various beauty troubles.

Women all over the world have been taking the benefits of their mothers and grandmothers advice by applying henna to their hair for years, if not centuries. Apart from being a fabulous ingredient to naturally dye hair, henna hair dye also known to strengthen condition and nourish the tresses from deep within.



The Origin Of Henna

Henna, lowsonia inermis is a small tree which is usually found in hot, dry climates. It is found across North and East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the southern areas of the Middle East, and South Asia. Henna probably originated in North Africa, based on the greater genetic diversity in henna in the North African region than in other regions.

Humans probably first developed their use of henna during one of the moist phases in the region of the Sahara. There is archaeological evidence found in Egypt that henna was regularly used by people to treat their skin elements and to color grey hair five thousand years ago.

There is also evidence that brides make designs on their hands and feet using henna for weddings. Muslim men may use henna to colour their hair and most particularly their beards. This is considered sunnah, a commendable tradition of prophet muhammad. Furthermore, a hadith (narration of the Prophet) holds that he encouraged Muslim women to dye their nails with henna to demonstrate femininity and distinguish their hands from those of men. Thus, some Muslim women in the Middle East apply henna to their finger and toenails as well as their hands.

The different words of henna in ancient languages imply that it had more than one point of discovery and origin. It has different pathways of daily and ceremonial use. Other than the above mentioned countries Henna also has been part of many traditions in other countries such as Algeria, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, India. Iran, Malaysia, Morocco and many other countries as well.

Skon Henna are exporters of organic henna powder and herbal hair colours from India. We offer a wide range of products, with customised packaging options. For enquiries, write to us on info@skonhenna.com or call us on +91 +91 98290 67778.

what is henna hair dye made up of?

The Henna Plant

Henna is a kind of plant which can grow in the region where there is less water and high heat. It cannot grow in colder regions. Henna is a multi-branched tree, with spine-tipped branchlets. The leaves of henna grow opposite each other on the stem. Henna’s leaves have red-orange dye molecules called lawsone, it is visible in the young leaves in the center vein of the leaf. The petiole (the middle vein of the leaf) has the highest contain of lawsone.

These henna branches can quickly grow in the first rainy spell. Immediately after these leaves have grown they are trimmed from the branches and these trimmed leaves are allowed to dry. On commercial henna plantations, little trees are often pruned of their branches back to 3 inch tall. The branches will regrow quickly after the next rain. Henna may be pruned for leaf harvesting up to three times a year, and may live for fifty years. In western India where there are large fields of henna. The November harvest generally has the highest lawsone content, following the rapid growth from the monsoon rains.

what is henna hair dye made up of

Process of changing Hair colour

These henna leaves may be used fresh, though they are more often harvested, dried and powdered. When these dried and powdered henna leaves are mixed with mildly acidic fruit juice, the lawsone molecule in the henna are made available for dyeing.

Here if you put henna paste on your hair, the lawsone molecule will migrate from the plant pulp, into keratin leaving the orange-red stain. This procedure is as similar as putting a tea bag on a white tablecloth. The longer you keep white tea bag on the tablecloth, the darker the stain. Similarly the longer you keep henna paste or mixture on hair the more lawsone molecule gets the chance to migrate from mixture to the keratin. Though six hours are generally enough for maximum absorption of lawsone molecule. As more lawsone molecules are migrated into keratin the more saturated and rich colour.

Different Variations In Lawsone

The lawsone in henna will dye hair some tone of red-orange, light coppery orange to reddish brown, depending on the base hair color, keratin structure, and the paste mixture. Every batch of henna has a slightly different level of lawsone because it is an agricultural crop. The genomes of cultivated henna plants are still close to the wild variants. The henna plant was not yet been modified, improved, and standardized. Weather and local soils affect the harvest. The harvesting, transport, storage, and milling processes have been improved over the last few Decades, producing a finer sift with water, air, and lightproof packaging. The product stays fresh longer, but there is still a great deal of variation, even in one crop from one company.

Higher levels of lawsone are more effective for covering gray hair, mature to a browner tone. We recommend henna with higher lawsone levels those for dark-haired people who want to cover their gray hair. Lower levels of lawsone tend to stain hair lighter, brighter reds.

Pure henna, 100% lawsonia inermis, can condition and strengthen hair. The lawsone molecule, when bound into keratin, is a complete sunblock, protecting hair from UV damage. Pure henna preserves moisture in hair by making it less prone to weathering and desiccation. Hennaed hair can appear to grow faster because the ends are no longer drying and breaking off.

Skon Henna are exporters of organic henna powder and herbal hair colours from India. We offer a wide range of products, with customised packaging options. For enquiries, write to us on info@skonhenna.com or call us on +91 +91 98290 67778.

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